Changthangi goat with soft wool

The Rare and Exotic Changthangi Goat of Ladakh

The Changthangi goat is a rare and exotic breed found only in the high-altitude region of Ladakh. It is known for its soft and luxurious wool, which is highly prized in the fashion industry. However, despite its unique qualities, the Changthangi goat is in danger of extinction due to various factors. In this blog post, we will delve into the history and characteristics of this fascinating breed and explore the reasons behind its decline.

 The image shows a Pashmina goat standing on a rocky surface amidst a forest. The goat has a thick, furry coat, which is characteristic of the breed and is used to create the luxurious Pashmina shawls. The serene forest setting in the background adds to the natural beauty of the image.

History and Characteristics

The Changthangi goat, also known as the Pashmina goat, has been domesticated for centuries in the high-altitude regions of Ladakh and Tibet. Its wool, known as Pashmina, is one of the finest and most luxurious in the world, prized for its softness, warmth, and durability. The wool is used to make shawls, scarves, and other high-end fashion items.

The Changthangi goat is a hardy breed that can survive in harsh and extreme environments. It is a small to medium-sized goat, with a stocky build and short legs. The coat of the Changthangi goat is thick and long, with a fine undercoat of wool that is highly valued. The wool is usually white, beige, or light brown, and is shed naturally in the spring.

Also read: Is Pashmina a Scarf?

The Decline of the Changthangi Goat

Despite its unique qualities, the Changthangi goat is in danger of extinction. The primary reason for its decline is the loss of habitat. As human populations have grown, they have encroached on the natural grazing lands of the Changthangi goat, leaving them with less food and water. Additionally, climate change has brought unpredictable weather patterns to the region, making it harder for the goats to survive.

A Ladakhi man carefully combing the soft undercoat of a Pashmina goat to extract the fine Pashmina fibers.

Another factor contributing to the decline of the Changthangi goat is the lack of financial incentives for the farmers who raise them. While the Pashmina wool is highly valued in the fashion industry, the farmers who raise the goats do not always receive a fair price for their wool. This has led many farmers to switch to other, more lucrative crops or livestock.

Also read: Where does Pashmina come from?

What Can be Done to Save the Changthangi Goat?

There are several things that can be done to save the Changthangi goat from extinction. One approach is to provide financial incentives to farmers who raise the goats, either through direct subsidies or through programs that help them get fair prices for their wool.

Another approach is to support efforts to preserve the natural grazing lands of the Changthangi goat. This can be done by creating protected areas where the goats can graze without fear of encroachment by humans or other animals.

Two Cashmere goats of brown color sitting on a Rock in the backdrop of Himalayan mountain region in Ladakh

Finally, efforts can be made to raise awareness about the importance of the Changthangi goat and its role in the local economy and culture. By educating people about the unique qualities of the goat and the importance of preserving it, we can help ensure that future generations will be able to enjoy its soft and luxurious wool.

Also read: Which is the most expensive wool in the World?


The Changthangi goat is a rare and exotic breed with unique qualities that make it highly prized in the fashion industry. However, it is in danger of extinction due to loss of habitat, climate change, and lack of financial incentives for farmers who raise the goats. By providing financial incentives, preserving natural grazing lands, and raising awareness about the importance of the Changthangi goat, we can help ensure its survival for generations to come.

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About Pashwrap

Pashwrap is a luxury Cashmere brand dedicated to creating the highest quality Cashmere Scarves, Pashmina shawls and wraps. With over sixty of experience in the industry, we are committed to preserving and promoting the rich cultural heritage of this exquisite textile.

Our commitment to quality and sustainability has been recognized in numerous publications, and we have received awards for our work in promoting the art and craft of Pashmina.

We work directly with local artisans and weavers in Kashmir, India to ensure that our products are made with the utmost care and attention to detail. By doing so, we are able to preserve the traditional techniques and skills used in the creation of Pashmina shawls.

We are proud to be a trusted authority on the topic of Cashmere and Pashmina shawls, and we are committed to sharing our knowledge and expertise with others who share our love for this exquisite textile. Whether you're looking for a timeless piece to add to your wardrobe or want to learn more about the history and craft of Pashmina, Pashwrap is here to help.